Friday, February 27, 2009

my lovely daughter,amani

yesterday, i went to a clinic,

the appointment is supposed on Monday,

sorry forgot!!

a lots of work to be settled this week..

on that day, i finished marking students notebooks till 3.30pm

and I'd just remember the appointment at 5.30pm..o'ow..

than i planned to go on Thursday,yeah yesterday

amani's weight increase 200grams only from 7.7kg to 7.9kg

no wonder, she is very active,uncontrolled..

she keep moving, crawling around the family hall

at night, she still playing wif her sister till late night..

sometimes she laugh loudly, peek-a-boo wif her sister at 1.30 am!!

omg,it was early in d morning...

hmm,my lovely daughter,amani

Wednesday, February 18, 2009


yesterday, monthly test were held
my GPK 1 remind the students and teachers to make it serious
make sure they are getting pass the test
unfortunately,this morning,i caught 2 of my form 1 student were cheating in B. Arab paper
actually i had remind n warned them, not try to cheat or do something wrong in the test
but they did it after 10 minutes i warned the students
hmmmm they will get demerit!
i always discus wif my hubby about teaching n learning in our country are exam base...
so everyone keep talking the number of A's for their students or children's get
what happen to the students after few years or when they get in to upper secondary or IPT,
they can not manage themselves to be success
all are becoz of their luck!!!
it was really happen,
when they reach at secondary school, the teachers complaining,how the primary teach the students
when they reach at upper secondary, the teacher complaining what lower teacher were teaching the students
when they reach at IPT, the lecturer blaming the secondary school teachers, how or what they r teaching the students
it juz becoz of luck!!
in my opinion, they should do something to our T&L system
to help in producing "THE SUCCESSFUL MODAL INSAN"

Monday, February 16, 2009


Hi all
last saturday, 14th February 2009
today in history, i went to mbo melacca mall to watch GANG-upin ipin movie
it was the first movie i watched wif my hubby n my beloved daughters..since i've met my hubby
hihi it juz bcoz of upin ipin:
my daughter, alifa's favourite cartoon
it was interesting animation,adventures,full of moral values,
but the anaconda was scaring alifa,she kept asking her father,what is this,what is that,ayah?
n she covered her faced wif amani's pillow,hikhik
at d end,i asked her:kakak,best x?
she answered: best!
i give 4star..
i suggest, watch this 1st animation movie, BESTT

Monday, February 9, 2009

alifah's pancake recipe

Baby carrot pancakes

Vegetarian Contains
Good source of calcium and betacarotene

100g flour
150ml milk
1 egg
1 tsp olive oil
50g grated carrot

Make the pancakes by beating together the flour, milk, egg and oil until you have a thickish batter. Add in the grated carrot, and stir well. Heat a little vegetable oil until hot then drop the batter, a dessertspoon at a time, into the oil. Once browned, turn over and cook the other side. Cook until all the batter is used up. Serve with some soft cheese, and slices of fruit or tomatoes.


A childhood diseases and their vaccinations

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
Whooping cough (pertussis)

The Health Ministry recommends childhood immunisations for 10 infectious diseases in all. The BCG (which protects against tuberculosis) and hepatitis B immunisations are offered to babies at birth. The others are offered routinely to every baby as part of the pre-school immunisation programme. Read on to find out more about these immunisations and the diseases they protect against.

Diphtheria mainly affects the throat. It is spread by droplets from the nose or mouth and, if complications set in, it can cause breathing difficulties, damage to the heart and nervous system or even death. The incubation period is from two to six days.
Babies are offered the immunisation at eight, 12 and 20 weeks of age and it is given by an injection which also contains the tetanus, whooping cough, polio and Hib vaccines. It is given again before starting school and also at 12 years.

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
The Hib organism causes flu-like symptoms such as sore throat, chest infections and ear infections. But complications, such as meningitis or blockages of the throat (epiglottitis), can set in and it was for this reason that the vaccine was introduced.
Babies are offered the immunisation at eight, 12 and 20 weeks of age. It is given by injection. These injections also contain the diphtheria, tetanus, polio and whooping cough vaccines (DTaP/IPV/Hib). It is given again at around 18 months.

Measles used to be the commonest childhood illness. It is highly infectious, has an incubation period of 10 days and infection occurs by droplets from the mouth or nose. It may start like a bad cold with lots of catarrh and a temperature. The rash generally appears after two days. Complications are relatively common and include bronchitis, bronchiolitis, ear infections and croup. In rare cases, there can be serious complications affecting the nervous system, such as encephalitis.
Children are offered the measles vaccine at around 12 months. It is given via an injection known as the MMR, which also contains the mumps and rubella vaccines. A pre-school booster immunisation is also given between four and six years of age.

Mumps is a viral illness, which may cause considerable swelling around the cheeks and neck. The incubation period is from 14 to 21 days. Complications can include meningitis, deafness, encephalitis and inflammation of the testes in boys, which may permanently damage fertility.
Children are offered the mumps vaccine at around 12 months. It is given via an injection known as the MMR, which also contains the measles and rubella vaccines. A pre-school booster is also given.

The polio virus attacks nerve tissue in the brain and spinal cord and can sometimes cause paralysis. It is still very common in some developing countries, but rare in Malaysia. It is spread by contact with the faeces, mucus or saliva of an infected person. The incubation period varies between three and 21 days.
The polio vaccine is included in the DTaP/IPV/Hib injection, which also contains diphtheria, tetanus, Hib and whooping cough vaccines. It is given to babies at eight, 12 and 20 weeks. It is given again at 18 months and also in a preschool booster. Your child will have the final booster at 12 years of age.

Rubella is generally a mild illness in children causing a fever, a rash and swollen glands. It has a long incubation period of 14 to 21 days and complications for the child itself are rare. However, if a woman contracts rubella in the first eight to 10 weeks of pregnancy the effects on her unborn baby can be very serious: babies can be born with deafness, blindness, heart problems and/or brain damage.
Children are offered the rubella vaccine at 12 months. It is given as part of the MMR vaccination, which also contains the mumps and measles vaccines. A pre-school booster is also given.

The symptoms of tetanus (sometimes called lockjaw) are painful spasms of muscle contraction. The disease can be fatal. It can have a long incubation period of four to 21 days. The organism is found in soil and dirty wounds may be infected. It can also be caught through animal bites. Farm workers and gardeners are particularly susceptible to it.
Your child will be offered this immunisation a total of six times. It is given at eight, 12 and 20 weeks. It is given in an injection that also contains the diphtheria, whooping cough, polio and Hib vaccines. It is then given at 18 months; then between four and six years; and finally, at 12 years of age.

Whooping cough (pertussis)
This very infectious disease is transmitted by droplets from the nose or mouth. The incubation period is from seven to 10 days. It starts in the same way as a cold, but as it progresses, the spasms of coughing become more and more severe. The "whoop" occurs as the child draws breath between bouts of coughing. These distressing symptoms can go on for several weeks. Severe cases may be complicated by pneumonia, vomiting and weight loss and, more rarely, by brain damage and death. Young babies are most at risk.
Babies are offered the immunisation at eight, 12 and 20 weeks of age. It is given by injection, which also contains the diphtheria, tetanus, polio and Hib immunisations. It is also given in a preschool booster. The final booster is offered at 12 years of age.

Wednesday, February 4, 2009


What is AIDS?

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a medical condition. People develop AIDS because HIV has damaged their natural defences against disease.

What is HIV?
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)HIV is a virus. Viruses infect the cells that make up the human body and replicate (make new copies of themselves) within those cells. A virus can also damage human cells, which is one of the things that can make a person ill.HIV can be passed from one person to another. Someone can become infected with HIV through contact with the bodily fluids of someone who already has HIV.HIV stands for the 'Human Immunodeficiency Virus'. Someone who is diagnosed as infected with HIV is said to be 'HIV+' or 'HIV positive'.

Why is HIV dangerous?

The immune system is a group of cells and organs that protect your body by fighting disease. The human immune system usually finds and kills viruses fairly quickly.So if the body's immune system attacks and kills viruses, what's the problem?Different viruses attack different parts of the body - some may attack the skin, others the lungs, and so on. The common cold is caused by a virus.

What makes HIV so dangerous is that it attacks the immune system itself - the very thing that would normally get rid of a virus. It particularly attacks a special type of immune system cell known as a CD4 lymphocyte.HIV has a number of tricks that help it to evade the body's defences, including very rapid mutation. This means that once HIV has taken hold, the immune system can never fully get rid of it.There isn't any way to tell just by looking if someone's been infected by HIV. In fact a person infected with HIV may look and feel perfectly well for many years and may not know that they are infected. But as the person's immune system weakens they become increasingly vulnerable to illnesses, many of which they would previously have fought off easily.The only reliable way to tell whether someone has HIV is for them to take a blood test, which can detect infection from a few weeks after the virus first entered the body.When HIV causes AIDSA damaged immune system is not only more vulnerable to HIV, but also to the attacks of other infections. It won't always have the strength to fight off things that wouldn't have bothered it before.As time goes by, a person who has been infected with HIV is likely to become ill more and more often until, usually several years after infection, they become ill with one of a number of particularly severe illnesses. It is at this point in the stages of HIV infection that they are said to have AIDS - when they first become seriously ill, or when the number of immune system cells left in their body drops below a particular point. Different countries have slightly different ways of defining the point at which a person is said to have AIDS rather than HIV.AIDS is an extremely serious condition, and at this stage the body has very little defence against any sort of infection.

How long does HIV take to become AIDS?

Without drug treatment, HIV infection usually progresses to AIDS in an average of ten years. This average, though, is based on a person having a reasonable diet. Someone who is malnourished may well progress to AIDS and death more rapidly.Antiretroviral medication can prolong the time between HIV infection and the onset of AIDS. Modern combination therapy is highly effective and, theoretically, someone with HIV can live for a long time before it becomes AIDS. These medicines, however, are not widely available in many poor countries around the world, and millions of people who cannot access medication continue to die.

How is HIV passed on?

HIV is found in the blood and the sexual fluids of an infected person, and in the breast milk of an infected woman. HIV transmission occurs when a sufficient quantity of these fluids get into someone else's bloodstream. There are various ways a person can become infected with HIV.Ways in which you can be infected with HIV : Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person Sexual intercourse without a condom is risky, because the virus, which is present in an infected person's sexual fluids, can pass directly into the body of their partner. This is true for unprotected vaginal and anal sex. Oral sex carries a lower risk, but again HIV transmission can occur here if a condom is not used - for example, if one partner has bleeding gums or an open cut, however small, in their mouth. Contact with an infected person's blood If sufficient blood from an infected person enters someone else's body then it can pass on the virus. From mother to child HIV can be transmitted from an infected woman to her baby during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding. There are special drugs that can greatly reduce the chances of this happening, but they are unavailable in much of the developing world. Use of infected blood products Many people in the past have been infected with HIV by the use of blood transfusions and blood products which were contaminated with the virus - in hospitals, for example. In much of the world this is no longer a significant risk, as blood donations are routinely tested.
Injecting drugs People who use injected drugs are also vulnerable to HIV infection. In many parts of the world, often because it is illegal to possess them, injecting equipment or works are shared. A tiny amount of blood can transmit HIV, and can be injected directly into the bloodstream with the drugs. It is not possible to become infected with HIV through : sharing crockery and cutlery insect / animal bites touching, hugging or shaking hands eating food prepared by someone with HIV toilet seats HIV facts and myths People with HIV look just likeeverybody elseAround the world, there are a number of different myths about HIV and AIDS. Here are some of the more common ones :'You would have to drink a bucket of infected saliva to become infected yourself' . . . Yuck! This is a typical myth. HIV is found in saliva, but in quantities too small to infect someone. If you drink a bucket of saliva from an HIV positive person, you won't become infected. There has been only one recorded case of HIV transmission via kissing, out of all the many millions of kisses. In this case, both partners had extremely badly bleeding gums.'Sex with a virgin can cure HIV' . . . This myth is common in some parts of Africa, and it is totally untrue. The myth has resulted in many rapes of young girls and children by HIV+ men, who often infect their victims. Rape won't cure anything and is a serious crime all around the world.'It only happens to gay men / black people / young people, etc' . . . This myth is false. Most people who become infected with HIV didn't think it would happen to them, and were wrong.'HIV can pass through latex' . . . Some people have been spreading rumours that the virus is so small that it can pass through 'holes' in latex used to make condoms. This is untrue. The fact is that latex blocks HIV, as well as sperm - preventing pregnancy, too.What does 'safe sex' mean?Safe sex refers to sexual activities which do not involve any blood or sexual fluid from one person getting into another person's body. If two people are having safe sex then, even if one person is infected, there is no possibility of the other person becoming infected. Examples of safe sex are cuddling, mutual masturbation, 'dry' (or 'clothed') sex . . .In many parts of the world, particularly the USA, people are taught that the best form of safe sex is no sex - also called 'sexual abstinence'. Abstinence isn't a form of sex at all - it involves avoiding all sexual activity. Usually, young people are taught that they should abstain sexually until they marry, and then remain faithful to their partner. This is a good way for someone to avoid HIV infection, as long as their husband or wife is also completely faithful and doesn't infect them.What is 'safer sex'?Safer sex is used to refer to a range of sexual activities that hold little risk of HIV infection.Safer sex is often taken to mean using a condom for sexual intercourse. Using a condom makes it very hard for the virus to pass between people when they are having sexual intercourse. A condom, when used properly, acts as a physical barrier that prevents infected fluid getting into the other person's body.Is kissing risky?Kissing someone on the cheek, also known as social kissing, does not pose any risk of HIV transmission.Deep or open-mouthed kissing is considered a very low risk activity for transmission of HIV. This is because HIV is present in saliva but only in very minute quantities, insufficient to lead to HIV infection alone.There has only been one documented instance of HIV infection as a result of kissing out of all the millions of cases recorded. This was as a result of infected blood getting into the mouth of the other person during open-mouthed kissing, and in this instance both partners had seriously bleeding gums.

Can anything 'create' HIV?

No. Unprotected sex, for example, is only risky if one partner is infected with the virus. If your partner is not carrying HIV, then no type of sex or sexual activity between you is going to cause you to become infected - you can't 'create' HIV by having unprotected anal sex, for example.You also can't become infected through masturbation. In fact nothing you do on your own is going to give you HIV - it can only be transmitted from another person who already has the virus.

Is there a cure for AIDS?

HIV medication can slow theprogress of the virusWorryingly, surveys show that many people think that there's a 'cure' for AIDS - which makes them feel safer, and perhaps take risks that they otherwise shouldn't. These people are wrong, though - there is still no cure for AIDS.There is antiretroviral medication which slows the progression from HIV to AIDS, and which can keep some people healthy for many years. In some cases, the antiretroviral medication seems to stop working after a number of years, but in other cases people can recover from AIDS and live with HIV for a very long time. But they have to take powerful medication every day of their lives, sometimes with very unpleasant side effects.There is still no way to cure AIDS, and at the moment the only way to remain safe is not to become infected.